Gender inequality is a highly discussed topic now, since one of the most important factors related to this sensitive issue, is parenthood. We are going to consider this issue in more details further. If you have to write a research on gender inequality, we suggest you to check out our sample. You must be able to create a proper structure, sorting your arguments in a proper order, and analyzing all necessary facts. Along with that, you can get some information on this issue in our sample. If you’re looking for a good paper to buy, we suggest you to contact our professional writers; they take into account every customer’s wishes, providing you with the best research papers on any topic.
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Parenthood and Gender Inequality
The issue of gender inequality exists throughout human history, it is presented worldwide. Inequality appeared at the very moment when men and women interacted for the first time. There are many causes of gender inequality; root causes lie in various psychological and sociological issues. Many scientific works are devoted to the evolution of such an issue. Along with that, any sociological issue is related to education, and moreover, depends on it. This is a reason why we decided to consider parenthood and its relation to formation of gender inequality.
According to Freud, everyone moves through certain points in his or her understanding of gender, exploring sexuality, and understanding social features of gender, along with certain gender roles. Certain periods in our lives determine specific features of our gender identification, and these characteristics remain with us during the whole life. Kids often tend to reproduce their parents’ relations, based on their values and behavior (1905). Describing genders, Freud takes into account biological characteristics, determining man as a complete identity, and women as an identity that needs to compensate the lack of self-identification through marriage. Erik Erikson develops this idea (1905), stating that women’s psychology develops certain mechanisms that open it to men and their influence, in order to make a family and raise children.
Theory of evolution sheds more light on the issue of parenthood in the context of gender education, pointing out that certain features of male and female psychology formed genetically, adapting ancient people to a certain environment. Therefore, women were more focused on parenting than men, since mechanisms of human reproduction imply a long period of breastfeeding, while the only role of men is the very process of fertilization. This makes men not necessary for development of the offspring. Such mechanisms still form stereotypes about gender roles in society, even though now human civilization represents completely different social environment, which involves many cultural issues, and social norms. Actually, according to Trivers (1972), these mechanisms pay even more important role in development of individuality.
If we take a look at the situation in the workplace, we will clearly see how common gender stereotypes changed since the Victorian age, but the issue of gender inequality remains a common problem for most women. According to the US Census Bureau, an average female employee earns 80% compared to a male employee of the same sphere. Mary Brinton considered such a question in an article, pointing out the significant role of stereotypes in formation of gender inequality among employees. According to her article, the only way to solve such a problem is considering each employee as an individual, taking into account his or her contribution to the company, regardless of gender. The same approach should be used to family relations.
Of course, parenthood isn’t the only issue that needs to be considered. We must recall the scientific basis of gender stereotypes. Freud and his theory of psychoanalysis, along with evolutionists Geary and Buss established certain basis for inequality, considering evolutionary features of gender, so we need to look at such theories from a different perspective, taking into account features of modern society. Obviously, these theories are not wrong, since they are based on various scientific researches, these theories work, and we can’t just get rid of them. However, we must be able to adapt such theories to modern realities. Such authors as Robert Trivers provide a fresh look on gender relations, developing approaches to balance certain features of gender roles, according to real demands of modern society.
According to Brinton, everybody should be treated only depending on his or her contribution to a particular structure, regardless of gender. Other gender systems are based on ancient realities, and cannot be applied anymore, being nothing but stereotypes.